||The Last World War erupts after the sinking
of the Sun Zhongshan at Mombasa,
initially pitting the Anti-Hegemony League
(Easterner Alliance) against the Chinese.
After the destruction of Earth's beanstalks and
orbital infrastructure, the American and
Anglo-European powers declare war on the
Easterners. War spreads to South Asia,
South America and Africa. By summer, the
Russian destruction of the Chinese Army at
Irkutsk and Omsk leads to full scale use of
weapons of mass destruction. Hundreds of
millions die in nuclear, quantum and cyber and
nano attacks. The war finally ends on 1
November after a cease fire negotiated by
leaders at Copernicus Base. The
Provisional Executive Council is formed at
Copernicus and Istanbul to coordinate relief and
from a world government. Death toll from
the war reaches one billion and the northern
winter is the coldest of the century, 12 C below
normal. At the war's end, Admiral
Narita leads the thousand crewmembers of the
Easterner Battlestar asteroid fortress
on a nuclear pulse journey out of the
||Relief efforts continue world-wide as
northern spring brings epidemics and starvation.
The Provisional Government establishes its
capital in Istanbul, remained as Byzantium.
Provisional governors coordinate relief in
fifteen world-wide Districts. Death rates
drop as refugee camps and shantytowns receive
basic services, but the war's toll reaches one
and three quarters billion dead. Nuclear
powered shuttles resume traffic to Earth's
orbit, reestablishing communications networks,
bringing relief supplies to colonists and
clearing orbital debris. Government forces
defeat separatist rebels in Tibet and Australia.
The Children of Liberty begin terrorist attacks
in northwest America. The Battlestar
exits the solar system as it crew begins shifts
of cold sleep.
||On 11 April, delegates ratify the
Commonwealth Constitution. The
Provisional Executive Council begins plans
for the first Commonwealth election and
organizes the fifteen Ministries and their
respective Bureaus. The Executive Council
forms the Election and Unification Agencies.
Construction begins on government industrial
hydroponic and algae farms. Global
temperatures return to antebellum normal.
Commonwealth space forces destroy the last two
rogue Russian spacecraft. After raids
crush the Children of Liberty, the Commonwealth
declares all hostiles ceased.
||The conservative Horizon Party wins a
plurality in the Commonwealth Legislative
Assembly and establishes a majority in the
Senate and Executive Council. Francisco
Pena, Horizon Party Chairman, becomes the first
Finance Minister. The
Executive forms the District Oversight,
Regional Oversight and Government Services
Agencies. The Commonwealth invests the
first non-hereditary titles of nobility as a
reward for services. Commercial
exploitation of the main asteroid belt begins
with the deployment of Vesta Base.
||Food rationing and martial law end; recovery
projects focus on housing and transportation
with plans for ten thousand arcologies linked by
high speed rail. All military forces officially
come under the auspices of the Ministry of
Security, forming the Commonwealth Security
Forces (CSF) Joint Command which promptly
demobilizes half of the troops and begins
eradication of all weapons of mass
destruction. The Commonwealth passes
Resolution 319, limiting the capabilities of
constitutionally defined Artificial Status
beings to "human norms" and Resolution 333,
confirming property status of all artificial
sentients. To assure the survival of the
human race, the Executive Council approves the
creation of agencies to support Project Exodus
to establish human presence outside the solar
system and Project Genesis to terraform Venus or
Mars. Martian colonists found the
University of Deimos at the site of the moon's
research base. Construction begins on
Unity Station in geosynchronous orbit.
||The Commonwealth passes Resolution 424,
outlawing the genetic manipulation and sex
selection of embryos. The Ministry of
Education standardized funding for primary and
secondary education, at levels the opposition
calls "grossly inadequate".
Anti-government riots break out in many camps
and shantytowns, mostly in Districts 1, 10 and
14. Farside Labs tests an improved plasma
drive; it explodes on the third trial, killing
three engineers. Mining operations begin
on the metallic asteroid Psyche. The
Ministry of Security forms the Commonwealth
Space Force and further reduces the Surface
Force by half. The Battlestar
reaches .02c some 400 billion kilometers from
Sol, beginning its ramscoop acceleration toward
||The Freedom Revolution breaks out as rioters
and dissidents band together to protest coercive
settlement into arcologies; Commonwealth
Security Forces suppress the revolt, killing at
least four thousand and imprisoning over twenty
thousand. The Executive Council creates
the Retirement Services Agency. The
TerraNet global communications networks
initiates service. The
Ministry of Space Exploration Bureau (SXB)
acquires control of the Astronomer class
exploration cruisers, beginning construction of
two additional vessels; the Tombaugh
undertakes the Fifth Mercury expedition, the
first planetary exploration since the war.
Project Exodus inaugurates the Astra Station
construction base at Lunar L1.
||The Ministry of Housing shuts down the last
refugee camps, though with under a thousand
arcologies completed, vast shantytowns still
ring transport hubs and distribution centers.
A joint CSF and Ministry of Science expedition
eradicates the last nanoreplicators from
Taiwan, allowing resettlement of the island.
Under the auspices of Project Exodus,
construction begins on the Cityship Atlantis
at Astra Station.
||The first Commonwealth Census determines
that over two billion people have died as a
result of the Last World War. The Census
Bureau finalizes the borders of the fifteen
Districts and seventy-five regions of the
Commonwealth. Elections return the Horizon
Party to power, this time with a clear majority
in the Legislative Council. Former
Minister of Space Thomas Atkinson becomes
Director of Project Exodus, moving its
headquarters from Byzantium to the Serenity
Habitat at L4. The Harmony habitat reaches
completion at L5.
||The Ministry of Housing announces the end of
reconstruction with the dedication of the Yellow
Springs Arcology in Hunan, but for the majority
of residents, the standard of living remains
much worse than antebellum levels. The
Australian Nationalist Front begins a campaign
of terror against Asian immigrants.
The CCS Copernicus brings 2,000
colonists to Mars. The Ministry of Energy begins the Starfire
Program to build one thousand 20GWe
Deuterium-Helium 3 fusion power
stations over the next decade. Project Exodus begins the selection process for
the Cityship Atlantis. The
SXB Huygens' dramatic expedition
to Halley's Comet captures the popular
imagination. Anatoly Dmitriev emigrates to
Vesta and founds the Vesta Resources Group.
||University of Deimos researchers announce
the Renuex cellular regeneration therapy that with
conventional nanotherapies will double Human
life span to three centuries; cost limits use to
the wealthy. The SXB resumes outer system
exploration with the Tenth Jupiter Expedition
and announces the Outer Planet Outpost Program.
The privately developed O'Neill II habitat opens
for exclusive settlement at L4.
||Cyclonic storms batter the Bengals,
Philippines and Carribia, killing fifteen
thousand people and forcing the evacuation of
the Dominica Arcology. Uncoordinated
relief efforts lead to the creation of the
independent Relief Agency. Budgetary
reallocation increases funding for the
Ministries of Transportation, Housing, Health
and Environment, at the expense of Science,
Technology and Culture. The Copertown Riot
breaks out in Mars orbit as colonists struggle
to absorb 4000 settlers arriving on the the
Copernicus and Ptolemy.
||The Ministry of Agriculture Nutrition Bureau
(ANB) reinstitutes food rationing to Arcologies,
citing continuing natural disasters and
distribution problems; the Ministry forms the
Production Bureau to build additional industrial
hydroponic and algae farms. Coordinated
Commonwealth Internal Security (CIS) raids and detentions effectively destroy the
Australian Nationalist Front. The SXB
establishes a twenty person outpost on Callisto.
Project Exodus begins construction of a second
Cityship, Voyager. The commercial
New Australia habitat opens for settlement at
||The CSF suppress protests aimed at
disrupting the Commonwealth elections; lower
turnout and stricter voter prerequisites return
the Horizon Party to power with an expanded
majority. The Cityship Atlantis
departs for Alpha Centauri with Alexander Tate
as Captain and Thomas Atkinson as Mayor.
The Nedelin Corporation completes the first NEAR
(Near Earth Asteroid Region) habitat, Utopia
One. The Ministry of Space Colonial Bureau
inaugurates the Verdant habitat at L5 amidst
controversy over corruption involving the prime
contractor, the Tata Corporation. The
Census Bureau reports that the offworld
population has reached 100,000, mostly living in
||Francisco Pena becomes Duke of Horizon on
his retirement from government. The CSF announces the "permanent
eradication" of all weapons of mass destruction;
the Commonwealth passes Resolution 980 limiting
nanotechnology research to medical and
fabrication applications. Farside Labs
tests the prototype Gagarin fast
picket, the first non-Cityship to use
meta-stabilized metallic hydrogen (MSMH) fuel
for power and plasma propulsion. The SXB
establishes research outposts on Titan and
Ganymede. The Nairobi High Port commercial
geosynchronous station begins operation.
||A Ministry of Environment reports confirms
that global warming has resumed, prompting calls
for greater energy efficiency and conservation.
The CSF sells most of its wartime era space
vessels as surplus and begins procuring a small
fleet of MSMH-powered Sword class fast
frigates for inner system patrol and courier
duty. The CSF also plans construction of a
dozen new outposts throughout the solar system
to support operations to patrol and protect the
growing number of civilian stations and
||The Ministry of Agriculture now produces
nearly half of all food and controls
distribution of most of the rest. The
Census Bureau reports that the average standard
of living has reached antebellum levels; the
independent press loudly disputes this claim,
resulting in the passage of Resolution 1009,
strengthening libel laws to the point that they
effectively restrict freedom of the press.
The District Oversight Agency cuts all funding
for District militias, effectively disbanding
the remaining local units; the Executive Council
replaces two recalcitrant Governors. The
SXB establishes an outpost on the Uranian moon
||The Ministry of Transportation receives full
funding for the worldwide Planetary Superhighway
Monorail (PSM) Project, a network of monorail
lines flanked by plastcrete roadways.
Funding for the Ministries of Science and Space
decrease to accommodate the PSM budget.
SXB establishes research outposts on Enceladus
||The Horizon Party strengthens its majority,
but falls short of gaining a tenth seat on the
Executive Council. The Census Bureau
produces detailed documentation every region,
highlighting the eradication of hunger and the
remaining war plagues. Unofficial
experiments aimed at terraforming Mars begin,
despite an official ban protecting native life.
The SXB Brache and Barnard begin a multi-year Kuiper survey highlighted by an expedition to
||The first attempt to acquire Legislative
representation for the quarter million residents
now living in space fails overwhelmingly.
Commonwealth Internal Security uncovers a coup
plot by several senior CSF officers; broadcasted
trials result in convictions of all thirty-two
conspirators, with twelve quickly executed and
the rest imprisoned for treason. The SXB
establishes an outpost on Pluto. The First
Kuiper Survey Expedition reaches Quaoar.
||The Commonwealth enacts Resolution 1109,
legalizes what is effectively lifetime slavery,
officially "Artifact Status" or AS, for
convicted felons and chronic debtors. The
puts down violent protests by civil rights
groups, killing hundreds and sentencing
thousands to lifetime AS. Resolution 1116
passes, requiring mandatory "social adjustment
treatments" for all AS. The Voyager
departs for Alpha Centauri with five thousand
colonists that are overwhelmingly dissenters.
Continued funding for Project Exodus barely passes and is
limited to research for a faster ramscoop
||Project Genesis' Board of Governors
officially chooses Venus over Mars for the
terraformation project, prompting the
resignation of Director Pradeep Virma; he
emigrates to Mars. Residents
permanently evacuate the Ganesha Eight arcology
after a fire guts the complex, killing over two
thousand. Members of the New American
Movement begin the colonization of the asteroid
||A pirate radio station at Mare Smythii
releases suppressed investigative reporting on
deficient arcology construction and corruption
in the Ministry of Housing; a CSF raid kills the
radio operators, and the original reporters are
arrested for libel, but internal reviews
vindicate the findings; eight hundred arcologies
are evacuated and demolished; the Progressive
Party Minister of Housing and twenty officials
receive AS sentences. The SXB launches the
Cousteau, a short-range ramscoop ship
co-developed with Project Exodus, to explore the
Scattered Disk and inner Oort Cloud.
||The Horizon Party wins a veto-proof majority
in the Commonwealth elections, gaining a tenth
Executive Council seat and leaving the
opposition in the hands of four minor parties:
Green, Justice, Freedom and Progressive.
The SXB Brown reaches Sedna,
beginning the furthest exploration of the
Astronomer class ships. The population of
Mars reaches 100,000.
||The inaugural PSM link from Boston to
Chicago begins service despite a
Tricentennialist attempt at sabotage. A bill which would
have effectively limited offworld colonization
to full Citizens barely fails to pass the
Legislature. The SXB Cousteau
reaches the dwarf planet Eris. The SXB
Huygens reaches the dwarf planet
||At the Congress of Paris, three Commonwealth
opposition parties, the Justice, Freedom and
Progressive, unite to form the Liberal Party.
The Ministry of Transportation secures funding
for the Bering Bridge link between North America
and Asia. Commonwealth Resolution 1222
recognizes the legality of "freetowns" founded
in the shadows of arcologies and on reclaimed
land, placing them under the authority of the
Ministry of Housing. The
Battlestar's ramscoop reaches maximum velocity of .13c over
1.5 light years from Sol.
||PhillipsEricsson begins sale of
high-efficiency energy absorption/storage panels
(ASP panels) for collecting and storing
electromagnetic energy. The Ministry of
Housing funds a project to outfit all arcologies
with ASP panels. The SXB Cousteau
returns from Eris.
||The Commonwealth Supreme Court narrowly
upholds designated Artificial Status for
convicts and debtors. The CSF crushes the
New Munchen "slave revolt", killing over three
thousand AS and sympathizers who had seized the
arcology in a political protest. Liberal
Senator John Anderson resigns to become Director
of Project Exodus.
||The Horizon Party narrowly maintains its
veto-proof majority , with the Liberal Party
becoming the second largest party with 31% of
the popular vote and five Executive Council
seats. Commonwealth Resolution shuts down
the Unification Agency. The SXB Tombaugh
depart on separate exploration of the Kuiper in
search for water-rich bombardment materials for
||The Exodus Project receives funding to
construct two additional upgraded Cityships,
capable of over one quarter light speed. Pavel
Karinsky publishes The Mechanist Universe,
outlining his manifesto of immortality achieved
through technological means and the rejection of
spiritualism; Karinsky soon achieves a
substantial cult following.
||The Horizon Minister of Environment, Baron
Jacque d'Urville commits suicide under the cloud
of a corruption investigation. The
Executive Council vetoes an effort to shut down
Project Genesis. The SXB establishes
Charon Research Lab on Pluto's moon to conduct
hazardous high energy physics research.
||The Ministry of Space establishes the
Aperture research base on Mercury, using
corporate sponsorship to compensate for funding
shortfalls. The Vesta Mining Consortium builds
the Vesta Star the flagship of a class of
mixed transport liners powered capable of
sustained .1 gee acceleration and by a high
efficiency MSMH CNO-protium fusion engine. The Amun Settlement agreement ends a vicious trade
war between the Nedelin and Tata Corporations
and begins the transformation of the NEAR
planetoid into a sprawling mining installation
||Accounting irregularities lead to the arrest
or dismissal of the senior management of the PSM
Project. Project Genesis begins Venus
Terraformation Phase I, bombardment with
diverted of short period comets; the project
hires private contractors to dispatch robotic
drones begin diversion of water-rich comets,
Centaurs and Kuiper objects toward Venus.
||The Liberal Party shows significant gains in
Commonwealth elections, receiving 39% of the
vote, gaining twenty-three seats on the Senate
and six on the Executive Council; with assistant
from the small Green and People's party,
Liberals manage to block some Horizon
legislation through filibusters and coalitions
with the moderate wing of the Horizon Party.
The Midas mining habitat, first of over a
hundred to roam the Belt, is completed at Vesta.
The SBX Cousteau begins a ten year
survey of the inner Oort belt.
|| The Torres Straight Bridge connects
Australia and New Guinea. Pavel Karinsky receives Ministry of Culture
certification of Mechanism as a recognized
philosophical organization. The SXB launches
the Hesperus to explore within 2 million
kilometer's of sun's photosphere and to deploy
probes deep into the solar core. The High
Aphrodite research station begins operation in
distant Venus orbit.
||The Census Bureau reports that offworld
population has reached one million people.
The first vehicles cross the Bering Bridge,
linking PSM networks on five continents.
Pradeep Virma is convicted of illegal Martian
terraforming, stripped of his Knighthood and
exiled to Phobos. An antimatter
containment accident destroys the Charon
Research Lab, killing all twenty personnel.
||The Liberal Party sponsors the compromise
Resolution 1592, allowing for the colonization
of Tau Ceti's presumed habitable planet by
dissidents led by Director John Anderson, after
Anderson pledges much of his personal fortune to
offset cost overruns. The
Commonwealth passes Resolution 1595, hereditizing some titles of nobility and 1596,
requiring at least a knighthood for restricting Senatorial membership,
ennoblement for Executive Council
membership, though these changes
do not affect the composition of the present
||The CSF crushes the last major slave revolt
in Commonwealth history, overrunning the West
Pullman Arcology and killing forty-two hundred
AS and sympathizers; personality adjustment
programs become more stringent. The last
two Astronomer class cruisers, SXB Brache
and Barnard are mothballed at Astra
Station. The first Project Genesis
bombardment comets strike Venus.
||The Liberal Party suffers election losses to
the reform wing of the Horizon Party, which
focuses on fiscal responsibility and
anti-corruption reforms; infighting within the
Horizon Party blocks most resolutions. The
Supreme Court overturn C.R. 1596 in a narrow
ruling, allowing any Citizen to hold any office. The Cityship
Enterprise departs for Tau Ceti
with ten thousand mostly libertarian dissidents
||The Legislature votes to cut all funding for
Project Exodus after negative habitability
indications cancel plans to send the fourth Cityship to Sigma Draconis; comprise legislation
allows funding to continue for another voyage to
Alpha Centauri. The SXB Hesperus is
lost after a massive solar flare; a rescue
attempt by vessels based on Mercury saves half
the crew, but Captain Khalid Masoud and the
command crew goes down with their ship, into the
||A rebuilt Charon Research Lab opens near the
site of the original installation. The Cityship
Constellation departs for Alpha Centauri
with ten thousand aboard. Project Exodus again
faces cancellation, but the Agency secures
alternative funding from the Martian and Belter
mining companies to build another Cityship at
the Vesta shipyard. The lunar beanstalk
from Oasis down to Sinus Medii begins operation. Pradeep Virma returns
to Mars and wins election as Mayor of Mangalla.
||A massive drought begins in sub-Saharan
Africa, crippling food production and starting
massive dust storms that sweep across the Sahel,
the Saharan Desert and over the Atlantic into
the Caribbean. Funding increases for the
Ministries of Environment and Agriculture at the
expense of Education, Space, Science and
Technology Ministries. Commonwealth
Resolution 1801 grants an automatic knighthood
to an elected member of the Senate and automatic
life Barony to an elected member of the
Executive. The Astra construction base is
attached ot the Oasis lunar beanstalk as the
high anchor point.
||The Commonwealth narrowly passes Resolution
1844, the Artificial Status Progeny Act,
effectively hereditizing Artificial Status; an
immediate appeal to the Supreme Court upholds
the law. Terrorists destroy a five
kilometer span of the Moluccas Bridge,
preventing a planned connection of the the PSM
to Australia. Pradeep Virma resigns his
mayorship and founds
a small community in the badlands of Lycus Sulci.
||The reform wing of the Horizon Party unites
behind Count Alphonso Dubrin to take effective
control of the Commonwealth government. In the
ensuing election, the Liberal Party splinters,
leaving Horizon with a veto-proof majority.
The SBX Cousteau returns to the inner
||Alphonso Dubrin becomes Minster of Finance
and pushes through the Resolution 1901,
requiring a balance Commonwealth budget.
Government cutbacks mandated by C.R. 1901 slash
a third of Ministry of Space funding, forcing
the abandonment of all Commonwealth-sponsored
civilian space projects except Project Genesis,
few research labs and the Cousteau.
The Technology Ministry's Advanced Studies
Bureau perfects safe long-term cryogenic
||The Great Droughts spread across the
American Midwest and into Central Asia and
Eastern Europe. The massive Bihar earthquake
strikes the Ganges River basin, toppling
arcologies and killing nearly two million
people. Under heavy security, the Moluccas
Bridge opens to traffic, linking Australia to
the rest of the world. The Cousteau departs on
its Second Oort Expedition.
||Commonwealth Resolution 1952 nationalizes
all food production within the Ministry of
Agriculture and establishes the Rationing
Bureau. The Executive Council creates the
Project Lombardi Agency under Director Amelia
Lombardi to attempt to control earthquakes via
||Project Lombardi begins construction of a
series of feedback stations along the Ring of
Fire. Commonwealth Resolution 2000
establishes the Basic Allotment, guaranteeing
basic food, housing and medical care to all
Commonwealth Residents and creates the Allotment
Agency to administer it . Millennialists led by Reverend Paulo
sabotage arcologies across the Brazilian
Regions, killing hundreds before a Commonwealth
Internal Security (CIS) infiltrator assassinates
the Cult of Fire leader. Pavel Karinsky
and two hundred followers leave Earth to found
the Mechanist settlement of Eternity north of
the Hellas Basin on Mars.
||The reform wing of the Horizon Party
maintains control of the party and the
Commonwealth in the elections. The Census
Bureau produces a documentary of the 21st
Century called Triumph from Ruin, touting
the progress made in material well-being, life
expectancy and peace during the Commonwealth
||The world economy enters a period of stagnation,
with negative growth per capita. A group of sixty futurists forms
the Time Travel Society and begins a voluntary
fifty year hibernation at an undisclosed
facility in the Australian Outback. The
Ministry of Transportation proclaims the main
PSM network complete; it links all major urban
centers on six continents; funding for
Antarctica bridge and tunnel projects is denied.
||A series of powerful earthquakes devastate
California and the Mediterranean, causing few
deaths but massive property damage. The crash
of the Byzantium and Zurich markets initiates
the Quake Depression. The Project Lombardi
terminates with Director Lombardi's
resignation. The last Cityship, Mariner, departs from Vesta towards Alpha
Centauri with ten thousand colonists led by
Baron James McKnight, commander of the first
Mars and Saturn expeditions. Project
Exodus terminates, with its remaining assets
auctioned to commercial interests. At
Copernicus, Senator Arianne Bourassa, Countess
Wu Jun and Sir Anatoly Dmitriev preside over
ceremonies marking the fiftieth anniversary of
||The Commonwealth raises taxes to pay for
quake reconstruction projects, further weakening
the economy. Tax protests begin in the
off-world colonies. Alphonso Dubrin resigns as
Finance Minister, pressured over both economic
mismanagement issues and his support for the
Lombardi Project. Project Genesis
establishing an ice prospecting base on Haumea
to evaluate mining operations on the dwarf
planet and its moons.
||The Quake Depression deepens, with a quarter
of the Citizen population out of work. During
Constitution Day celebrations, the CSF patrols
urban areas to break up protests, but limit
arrests to the worst offenders. The Uranus Sky
Mining Corporation begins Helium 3 harvesting
operations out of the small moon Mab.
||The reform wing of the Horizon Party
collapses, with fiscal conservatives joining the
main conservative wing. The new administration
promises steps to promote private sector growth
and lower taxes. Arianne Bourassa becomes
Duchess of Normandy on her retirement from the
Senate. The Cityship Atlantis
arrives in the Alpha Centauri System, taking up
orbit around Gaia, the the cool watery outer
world of Alpha Centauri B.
While some colonists immediately settle on the
surface, many remain in orbit.
||The Commonwealth Executive and Legislature
force through an austerity program, cutting
funding across the board and essentially
dismantling the Exploration Bureau. The Liberal
Party officially splinters into it's three
original constituencies: Progressive, Justice
and Freedom. Alphonso Dubrin joins the
Progressive Party and forms an alliance with the
Justice Party. The first large Kuiper bodies
begin to impact Venus, adding water and altering
the rotation of the planet. Colonists
abandon the aging O'Neill I habitat, transferring
to the new O'Neill III complex. The
Cousteau returns from the Second Oort
expedition; late in the year, with a new crew,
it sets off on the Third.
||The Rationing Bureau resumes food rationing
in response to the depression and continuing
droughts. Hurricanes and typhoons ravage the
coastlines in what becomes the warmest year on
record. Food riots spread among Resident
populations in South America and Asia. The
CIS arrests Green Party protestors, including
Senator Amelia Li. The Gaian
Modification Project begins to release carbon
dioxide to improve the
world's chilly alien climate.
||Mars, the Belt and NEAR colonies apply
direct funding from local taxation to keep alive
basic Ministry of Space programs, including the
Genesis Project, and to keep open the series of
research bases from Mercury to Charon. Large
sections the Sao Paulo freetowns burn during a
massive food riot that kills twelve thousand
people. The Supreme Court rules the
detention of Senator Li to be illegal. The
City of Chiron is incorporated on Gaia, with
Thomas Atkinson elected its first mayor.
||Commonwealth Resolution 2315 imposes
stricter censorship laws and restricts the free
movement of Residents. Taxes increase to
fund expanded government food production.
Floodwalls collapse in West Bengal, killing at
least twelve thousand freetown residents.
||The Progressive-Justice Alliance wins 31% of
the electorate, but falls short of the executive
strength necessary to act as an effective
opposition. Alphonso Dubrin becomes Minister of
Justice as a member of the opposition; Baroness
Amelia Li becomes Environment Minister.
The Constellation reaches Alpha Centauri,
barely passing the Voyager.
||Comprehensive climate legislation stalls in
the Legislature. The Supreme Court upholds
C.R. 2000. The Voyager reaches
Alpha Centauri; the two newly arrived Cityships
take up orbit above Gaia. Some leaders
among the new Gaian arrivals press for a
declaration of independence from the
Commonwealth, but the resolution fails to pass.
However, a second resolution, harshly condemning
Commonwealth policies toward Residents and
people of Artifact Status receives overwhelming
approval and is formally transmitted back to
Sol. As with the Atlantis, more than
half the population of the new Cityships remains
in orbit as surface modifications progress.
||Assemblies on Mars and the Belt begin
pressing the Commonwealth for greater autonomy
or separate Regional representation. Adam
Ares Moreno Cochrane, the first person born on
Mars, dies in an accident on Pavonis Mons.
||The Great Drought enters its twentieth year;
calls for geoengineering programs fail to muster
support after a contentious Legislative debate.
Typhoon Wanda submerges most of East Bengal,
destroying freetowns and arcologies alike,
killing nearly four million people.
||The Commonwealth narrowly passes C.R. 2452,
the Home Rule "Amendment", allowing off-world
colonies nearly complete control of their
"internal affairs", provided they do not attempt
to secede or "subvert" the Commonwealth.
Mars and Luna from Planetary Legislatures while
habitat and asteroid settlements avoid a federal
approach and create or empower local councils.
Contaminated food and severe storms leads to the
deaths of nearly a thousand people on Gaia in an
event known as the "Storm Season".
||The Progressive-Justice Alliance wins nearly
34% of the electorate, allowing them to form an
effective opposition with their junior partners,
the Green and Freedom parties. The Census
Bureau reports that despite increases in life
expectancy, the population of Earth appears to
be in decline, though continuing deaths in East
Bengal maybe be responsible. The majority
of off-world colonies, including Mars, Luna and
most habitats and asteroids form the Solar
Coordinating Council (SCC) to oversee joint
programs and expenditures in conjunction with
the Ministry of Space.
||The Cousteau returns from its Third
Oort Expedition and enters a period of
maintenance and eventual mothballing, as SBX
funding continues to fall. The
Ministry of Infrastructure begins construction
of a series of terawatt-class CNO fusion
reactors, the "Antares 1000" series, to
replace the aging Starfire De-He3 plants.
||The Commonwealth economy experiences its
first real growth since 2100, with Horizon
Minister of Finance Countess Karen Tsivilsky
claiming credit for the recovery. The
government refuses to lift Depression-era
rationing and restrictions, but increases the
budget for basic services in the "Top 8"
Ministries and the Allotment by 10%.
||Urban and campus demonstrations against the
censorship and passport laws spread. The CIS
storms the University of Miami after a student
takeover, killing over four hundred protesters.
The Commonwealth Executive declares a state of
siege and imposes curfews in several regions,
including all of the First and Fourth Districts.
||Urban riots decrease on Earth as increases
in food production, the end of rationing for
Citizens and growth of employment and government
services improve living conditions. The CIS
curtails continuing demonstrations in the
universities with massive shows of force and
numerous arrests. The SCC assumes full
control over the Charon Research Lab to avoid
its closure as part of a Commonwealth austerity
measure. The Cityship Mariner
reaches Gaia and a plebiscite to secede from
the Commonwealth based on lack of representation
in the Legislature passes overwhelmingly.
Gaia declares itself a Democracy, broadcasts
its declaration of independence back to the
Solar System and elects Thomas Atkinson its
interim president. The aging space station
Cosmos is deorbited in a series of controlled
reentries over the Pacific.
||The Horizon Party gains control of the
Commonwealth government by winning 61.9% of the
electorate and maneuvering to control two-thirds
of the Ministries. The Census Bureau
confirms that Earth's population is declining,
attributing the trend to the falling birth rate.
Minister of Finance Karen Tsivilsky is invested
as Duchess of Chuvash, becoming the first
sitting Minister so rewarded. The SCC
assumes full control over Project Genesis, as
the Commonwealth continues to shift its limited
resources to domestic needs. The Martian
local government overturns restrictions on
terraformation and begins full-scale atmospheric
modifications with biological agents.
Pradeep Virma dies on Olympus Mons.
||Hurricane Yolanda strikes New Orleans,
killing tens of thousands and leaving the city
submerged for a month; controversial rebuilding
efforts begin under the sponsorship of
Minister of Housing, Count William DuBois.
Gaians ratify their constitution and hold their first regular elections,
electing Thomas Atkinson to a six-year term as
president of the Democracy. Robert Dunbar
becomes the first person to celebrate a
verifiable 200th birthday.
||The Ministry of Space disbands the
Exploration Bureau, selling its remaining assets
to the SCC, which reforms the organization as
the Colonial Space Exploration Agency (CSEA or
"See-Sea") and establishes its headquarters at
Juno. The first Antares 1000 power plant,
Unit 1, outside of Lagos, begins commercial
||The world-wide Great Drought reaches its
thirty year but shows signs of dissipating;
externally grown Midwest American crops
succeed for the first time since 2105.
The lunar government begins construction of
equatorial and polar maglev loops.
||Word of the Gaian revolt reaches Sol.
The Commonwealth Legislature adopts C.R. 2890, a
ban on all interstellar travel and
colonization. The CIS puts down pro-Gaian
riots in Hidalgo, detaining and reprogramming
hundreds of protestors.
||The Horizon party receives 66.1% of the
electorate and gains a two-thirds majority in
the Senate, allowing it complete control of the
government. Hundreds of thousands protest
the election results and many are arrested,
including, briefly Count Alphonso Dubrin.
Decreased demand for Helium 3 contributes to the
bankruptcy of the Uranus Sky Mining Corporation.
||The Weather Service Bureau (EWSB) declares
the Great Drought at an end, but despite
increased and more regular rainfall patterns,
the EWSB reports that temperatures have risen 4C
and sea-level have risen two meters since 2000.
Commonwealth Resolution 3001 forms the Climate
Control Agency (CCA) to carefully review and
supervise peer-reviewed efforts to model and
control Earth's environment.
||A pro-opposition documentary released by
LaGrangeNet, a semi-autonomous Near Earth Colony
media outlet, leads to mobilization of a CSF
Naval Fleet under Admiral Zhaoxing Hu.
Mediation led by Alphonso Dubrin defuses the
crisis; the compromise agreement allows for
independent media in the colonies but allows for
jamming and greater censorship on Earth.
The Lutetian Plague, a fast mutating fungal
infection leads to the evacuation of over 10,000
colonists from the asteroid Lutetia; at least
4,300 colonists die from the Plague or the
nuclear sterilization of the asteroid. James McKnight becomes the second president of
||A small asteroid, 2128 BG14 or "Nyundo"
impacts in the Sulu Sea, causing twenty thousand
deaths, widespread damage from tsunamis and
demonstrating the inadequacy of the current
planetary defense grid. The lunar
equatorial maglev route reaches completion.
||A resolution that would relieve Earthbound
press restrictions fails to make it out of
committee, prompting Minister of Infrastructure
Alphonso Dubrin to begin a series of protest
meetings across the world. The Ministry of
Security increases funding for the planetary
defense grid by 20% and places it under the
control of the Space Force. The remnants
of the Freedom and Green parties join the
Progressive-Justice Alliance to reform the
Liberal Party as a united opposition to Horizon.
||The Horizon Party wins nearly 70% of the
electorate, despite a strong showing by Alphonso
Dubrin's reunited Liberal Party. Protests
over voting irregularities are widespread, but a
heavy police presence quickly defuses violence.
After tsunami-related delays, the seventy-fifth
Antares 1000 power plant begins operation
outside of Darwin, marking the completion of the
Ministry of Energy's regional deployment
plan. The Lunar polar maglev route
||After a failed attempt to challenge
Commonwealth election results, Alphonso Dubrin
refuses to be seated on the Executive Council
and begins a protest outside the Capitol in
Byzantium, shutting down the Executive and
Legislative councils. On the twentieth day of
the protest, CSF troops storm the protestors and
arrest Dubrin on charges of treason.
The A.G. Nikolayev
separates from the Easterner Battlestar
to brake for Luyten 726-8.
||Alphonso Dubrin allegedly commits suicide
under CIS-controlled house arrest while awaiting
his trial. Massive protests and riots rock
Earth and spread to the off-world colonies. The Anarchist Revolution begins as
a coordinated band of protestors seize control
of key installations and cities across Earth.
Though the actual number of conspirators is
small, their successes cause Lord Admiral Hu,
fleet commander of the CSF, to assume massive
collaboration. Hu orders the planetary defense
grid to attack the rebel stronghold arcologies
in Houston, resulting in over three million
deaths. Once the Revolution collapses and the
true facts become evident, the off-world
colonies threaten secession and begin arming
themselves. After some delay, Commonwealth
authorities arrest, try and execute Hu, defusing
the crisis. Over five hundred Anarchists face
Artifact Status sentences. The final death
toll from the Revolution tops five million.
||An investigative panel finds three mid-level
CIS police officials guilty of conspiracy in the
death of Alphonso Dubrin and two officers guilty
of committing the murder; they are sentence to
Artifact Status. The Liberal party fragments
into its constituent parts as the leadership
fails to reach consensus on a post-Dubrin
succession or policy direction. On
Gaia, Janet Hwang becomes the third
president of the Republic. Dame Catherine
Jones becomes the first person to celebrate a
Sixty Russians commanded by
Colonel Sergei Dezhurov found the Tsiolkovsky
Colony at Luyten 726-8.
||Facing public displeasure, the ruling
Horizon Party passes resolutions to relax some
censorship and increases the Allotment and basic
services spending by 5% above inflation. A
resolution to allow direct representation of the
off-world colonies as a "seventy-sixth" region
fails in committee, but some colonial leaders
found a lobbying organization called the "Spirit
of the Seventy-sixth".
||In an election deemed free and fair by
almost all, the Horizon Party wins a narrow 52%
majority against a fragmented opposition, barely
maintaining a Senate and Executive majority.
The Cityship Enterprise reaches Tau Ceti.
The crew and colonists name the only habitable
world Zarathustra, form the Council of Citizens and
immediately vote for independence, creating into
a libertarian government. CSEA begins to refit
the Cousteau with an improved ramscoop
system. The Leo Grande space
station, the last major low earth orbit habitat,
||Bombardment of Mars by comets rich in water
and ammonia begins. Viggo Turki is born on
Gaia. Zarathustran explorers confirm the
existence of an Artifact marker on Hrungnir, the
largest moon of gas giant Jotunheim, in the Tau Ceti system .
||Hurricane Zeke devastates Cuba, killing
thousands. On Gaia, half of President
Hwang's cabinet resigns to protest mismanagement
of the Modification Project and the President's
feuds with the Cityship captains. The New
America Movement establishes an outpost on
||Under the command of Captain Jose Cardenas,
the Cousteau begins a deep exploration
mission to the Oort Cloud. Across two
worlds and three habitats, CIS operatives arrest
eighteen leaders of the Spirit of the
Seventy-sixth on suspicion of sedition, but the
Ministry of Justice declines prosecution and
orders their release.
||Vesta Shipyards begins development of a
proto-type high thrust multi-ring ion drive.
Thomas Atkinson reluctantly agrees to a second
term as president of Gaia and convinces the Cityship crews to remain at
Gaia for the
time being. Duchess Chuvash agrees to
retire in an effort to improve the Horizon
Party's standing in the upcoming election.
Duchess Normandy reluctantly agrees to lead the
Horizon Party into the elections.
||The Horizon Party maintains an increased
majority in the Legislative Assembly, winning
54% of the electorate. Duchess Normandy
becomes Minister of Finance and de-facto head of
||CCA scientists successfully divert Hurricane
Emma from the North American coast. The
Cousteau encounters a derelict alien
vessel half a light-year from the sun; no
systems remain functional but science teams date
the hull at twenty million years old.
||CSEA launches the Xenon Sprinter
experimental ion vessel from Vesta, accelerating
at up to two tenths of a gravity for the bulk of
its round trip to the Jovian Trojans. An
effort to overturn C.R. 2890 and its ban on
interstellar travel fails in committee,
prompting the resignation and immigration to
Mars of Elector Carter Kagnon.
||The Cousteau returns from its five
year mission, arriving at Charon to a hero's
welcome; the Artifact is placed in an
underground laboratory sphere. Europans
found Cascadia, the first city on the underside
of the ice crust.
||The CSF begins construction of the
Caesar class patrol cruiser, incorporating
new high thrust variable ion engines.
||The Horizon Party maintains control of a
government nearly unchanged by election results,
though Citizen voter turnout shows marked
decline. Thomas Atkinson retires to his
Serenity Ranch at the end of his term as
president; Alice Bourges becomes president of
the Gaian Republic.
|| News of the Zarathustran revolt reaches the
Solar System. Captain Cardenas takes the
Cousteau on a second cruise into the Oort
Cloud. Captain Horatio Tate cajoles Gaian
government approval to hold a plebiscite on
launching the Cityship Mariner onwards
to Delta Pavonis.
||The Tangerine Plague brings the TerraNet
web-sphere to a near collapse across Earth and
Near orbital space. Lunar technicians and AIs
isolate their nodes and recover TerraNet.
||Members of the Spirit of the Seventy-sixth
form the Colonial Party, hoping to gather
support for greater representation.
TerraNet Nova, a more secured and restrictive web
-sphere, begins operations across Commonwealth
space. News of the Zarathustran revolt
||Opposition groups, including the Colonial
Party, join the Liberal Alliance in an attempt
to win the Commonwealth Election. The
Valentina mining habitat reaches completion.
||The Horizon Party ekes out a 51.5% majority
in the Assembly Legislature, barely maintaining
control of the government. Duchess
Normandy resigns and retires to her estates.
The Mariner Plebiscite overwhelmingly passes,
and the Cityship Mariner begins
preparations for a new voyage.
||The Cousteau returns to Charon and
enters mothballs for a second time. Members of
the Time Travel Society emerge from hibernation
and complain that little has changed in fifty
years; installing newer equipment and recruiting
more members, they divide into three groups,
vowing to hibernate for 50, 100 and 150 years.
Captain Horatio Tate leads eight thousand
Gaians colonists aboard the Cityship
Mariner on a fifty-six year journey to
Delta Pavonis. Ishtar Benz becomes
president of the Gaian Republic.
||General Electric begins selling relatively
compact MSMH fusion reactors for use in
medium-sized land, sea and air vehicles. Zhang
Ping is arrested for instigating the Tangerine
Plague. Dame Catherine Jones dies at age
218; Dame Cassandra Hughes becomes the
oldest person in the world at age 212; well over
3,000 people have reached the age of 200. Tomas Johannessen is born on Gaia.
||The CCA reports that the climate of Earth
has stabilized with temperatures six degrees
above 2000 levels and sea levels elevated three
meters. The Ammut software virus infects
several Renuex regeneration clinics, killing
hundreds of patients.
||The Green Party withdraws from the Liberal
Alliance over platform differences in CCA and
||In the general election, the Horizon Party
wins a 53% majority over the weakened Liberal
Alliance; election turnout reaches a record
low. The Venus Terraformation Project reaches
Phase II with heavy bombardment ending as
permanent steamy oceans form. The first
Venusian permanently staffed ground stations
become operational on the Ishtar Terra plateau.
||A large hyperbolic comet (HC 36) enters the
solar system from interstellar space. Captain
Rajiv Kumar leads the expedition to HC 36 aboard
the CSEA research vessel Athena. Robert Dunbar
dies at age 235.
||Three major software plagues and a robot
"insurrection" infect many Commonwealth
government facilities. The Gaia Modification
Project reaches official completion with most of
the surface accessible without cold weather
clothing, but a fifth of the Gaian colonists
remain in Cityship orbital habitats. The CSF
shuts down illegal mind-machine research at the
Mechanist settlement of Eternity on Mars.
Larissa Vogt becomes President of Gaia.
||Athena, with a crew of 114 mostly
Colonial scientists and officers, announces that
it is staying on HC 36 as it exits the Solar
System; CSEA officials decline to mount a
recovery expedition, and begin to refer to the
passing comet as the Kumar Colony, headed into
Taurus and for another stellar encounter in half
a million years.
||Unknown terrorists attack the CSF base on
Juno with a fifty gram antimatter charge,
killing three hundred twenty people and
destroying three vessels.
||The Easterner ramscoop asteroid Battlestar reaches
Tau Ceti, precipitating the Zarathustra War.
After losing three ships and one hundred
personnel in three outer system skirmishes,
Admiral Narita negotiates a truce and the Battlestar retreats,
accelerating toward Epsilon Eridani. The
Zarathustrans lose four vessels and nearly four
hundred personnel in the war. In the
Commonwealth elections, the Horizon Party
maintains control with a 55% majority. The
Census Bureau reports that Earth's population
has begun to increase after nearly fifty years
of decline; while birthrates remain very low,
most of the increase comes from increased
||Horizon Party leader Lord Andrew Timmins
begins his first term on the Commonwealth
Executive Council, proclaiming a hard-line
agenda. Three thousand six hundred
Zarathustrans opposed to John Anderson seize
control of the starship Enterprise and
set off for the gas giant Jotunheim to refuel
the vessel with hydrogen and helium isotopes.
Anatoly Dmitriev is invested as Marquis
||A Commonwealth law to make Citizenship exams
more strenuous passes as an amendment to C.R.
4054, which increases funding to evaluate new regeneration
treatments. With passage of the
Second Amendment, Gaia repeals laws
limiting artificial intelligence, allowing
research at Chiron University to proceed.
||University protests over new citizenship
restrictions begin on campuses across the Solar
System. The starship Enterprise
departs Tau Ceti, bound for a thirty-nine year
voyage to Keid. James McKnight begins his
second term as President of Gaia, but the
government is run by his Chief of Staff, Larissa
Vogt . The Kumar
Colony begins controlled thrusting at .0001
gravities (1 mm/sec2) toward HR 2208,
59 light-years distant.
||The Green Party re-joins the Liberal
Alliance to provide a united opposition against
the Horizon Party. Progressive leader Baron
Yatindra Gupta becomes chairman of Alliance.
Construction begins on the First Cataract
autonomous factory on Gaia's Primus River.
||A series of software plagues linked to
university protest groups causes damage to CSF
systems on Earth. In the general election, the
Horizon Party maintains a 52% majority after a
series of debates pitting Executive Councilor
Timmins against Gupta.
||Yatindra Gupta assumes a seat on the
Executive Council as the leader of the
opposition. After a software plague causes a
collision between two airships, killing 730
people, the Commonwealth places TerraNet
security under the CSF and increases monitoring
and censorship. The Supreme Court
overturns the new citizenship exams on a
||Ultra regeneration therapy begins limited
trials. Pavel Karinsky and four hundred
followers establish the Eternity Two settlement
on Varuna in the Kuiper Belt, allegedly to
further mind-machine research without legal
interference. C.R. 4204, reaffirming
stricter citizenship requirements narrowly
||Asteroid Belt miners stage a three week
strike to protest CSF monitoring of private
communications; the Commonwealth agrees to
provide greater safeguards on monitoring, but
does not end the practice.
||Executive Councilor Yatrindra Gupta accepts
enfranchisement as the Count of Tharsis and
moves to Mars, retaining leadership of the
opposition Liberal Alliance.
begins her second term as President of Gaia and
inaugurates the First Cataract factory; robotic
units begin breaking ground on the second unit.
Battlestar separates the Hiryū
magnetic glider with two hundred easterners
bound for Epsilon Eridani and restarts the
ramscoop to aim towards 82 Eridani.
||The Horizon Party increases its margin of
victory in the general election, winning 54% of
the vote and retaining Executive control.
Executive Councilor Andrew Timmins becomes the
Duke of East Texas.
||Protesters disrupt the inauguration of the
new Legislative Council; the twelve protest
ringleaders use their trial to denounce
Commonwealth restrictions on free expression and
voting rights. The Count of Tharsis intervenes
to allow the ringleaders to emigrate to Mars
under probation. News of the Zarathustra War
reaches the Solar system.
||Unknown individuals steal the Cousteau from Charon and launch it toward 82 Eridani, with an
expected arrival in 2232. After a failed
assassination attempt, John Anderson forms the
Libertas Militia to protect his Libertas
cantonment on Zarathustra.
||The Commonwealth institutes personality
testing at government educational institutions
to weed out dissidents; Mars and the Belt refuse
to implement the new procedures. The Quadcentennialist Movement poisons tea in three
Boston arcologies, killing eighteen people.
||A Horizon-sponsored measure to increase
Executive Council terms to ten years fails
narrowly in the Legislative Council; a
Legislative term limit proposal offered by the
Liberal Alliance also fails to pass.
Conversion of the Cityship Constellation
into an asteroid mining colony and factory ship
begins, with many of its residents transferring
to the Gaian surface or Atlantis or
||Ultra regeneration therapy receives full
approval; in conjunction with advanced nanomed
therapies, it is expected to add another century
to the human life span for those that can afford
it; Ultra marketers claim that a newborn child
can live over six hundred years with nano
therapy and five Ultra regenerations. The
Horizon Party wins nearly 55% in a general
election marred by offworld protests calling for
greater home rule or full representation.
Alexander Tsai becomes president of Gaia.
||A software plague disrupts opening
ceremonies at the Cairo Summer Olympics.
Quadcentennialist terrorists assassinate North
American governor Leah Suarez in Washington.
Pavel Karinsky enters extended hibernation after
beginning to suffer minor mental degradation.
||Pirate news stations spread throughout the
Belt, often spewing virulent anti-government
rhetoric; a doctored 3vid of the Duke of Texas
performing immoral acts with children and
animals circulates widely. The CSF kills
the leadership of the Quadcentennialist Movement
in three simultaneous raids. The Cityship
Constellation begins asteroid mining in
the outer Alpha Centauri B system.
||Security forces sweep through the Belt,
arresting dozens of net broadcasters on libel
charges, but pirate broadcasts spread to Earth.
On Zarathustra, John Anderson begins withholding
taxes to the Planetary Fund, effectively
reducing the government to the Navy and the
Committee for Justice. The first
super-human intellect, Adam, comes on-line at
Chiron University on Gaia.
||C.R. 4614, requiring further monitoring of
system-wide web transmission passes easily. The
Progressive Party Executive and Legislative
Councilors, including the Count of Tharsis
resign from the government. Despite new
restrictions, protests spread across Earth's
universities. Belters begin several strikes and
||The Horizon Party easily wins a 60% majority
against the weakened Liberal Alliance. After
Amun and Utopia Four allow a series of very
critical documentaries, the Executive Council
declares a violation of the Home Rule
Amendment. As negotiations falter, Colonies
begin seceding from the Commonwealth in late
December. The Commonwealth claims direct rule
over the Colonial governments and mobilizes CSF
naval forces. On Gaia, the intellect Adam
instigates the Toaster Rebellion, gaining control
of most autonomous machines before being shut
||All Solar colonies secede from the
Commonwealth by January 2nd; nearly half the CSF
fleet defects and sides with the Colonies. The
Colonial War begins with a series of skirmishes
in Earth Orbit including the destruction of the
Nairobi High Port; neither side is willing to
begin bombardments of populated areas. On
Earth, Colonists and sympathizers seize several
spaceports and fight their way off world through
an AI plague-infested defense grid. The Battle
of Mars demonstrates the deadliness of direct
engagements and the war quickly settles into
commerce raiding and skirmishes. The
Commonwealth fleet begins commerce raiding in
the Belt and launches an abortive raid to seize
Venus. Fatima Khalil becomes president of
Gaia. Aboard Constellation,
construction begins on the Palmer
interplanetary explorer. The residents of
the Cityship Voyager vote to attempt a
voyage to Proxima Centauri and begin conversion
to allow a pulse fusion initiated boost phase.
||With its fleet unable and unwilling to
achieve a major victory at the Battle of Amun and
domestic unrest on the rise, the Commonwealth
agrees to an armistice. The Colonial War
officially ends in September with the signing of
the Treaty of Tycho, ratified as C.R. 4805. All
Colonies beyond Earth geosynchronous orbit
gain complete independence. John Anderson
becomes de facto ruler of Zarathustra after a
plebiscite grants his Libertas Militia
control of inter-cantonment disputes; it becomes
the Zarathustra Defense Force and gains control
of all land and space defense assets.
Thomas Atkinson dies of natural causes at his
||A constitutional convention meets at High
Aphrodite in Venus orbit to create the Colonial
Confederation with a permanent capital in the
Lunar city of Copernicus. The convention
recognizes the Near Earth Orbital and Asteroid
Colonies (NEAR Colonies), Luna, Mars and the
Asteroid Belt Colonies as sovereign, and holds
Venus in trust as a future fifth member; it
gives the Belt control of the Outer Worlds and
Mars control of Mercury. The Kuiper and Oort
systems, including Pluto and Charon, are held in
a common trust under CSEA and an industrial
commission. Yatindra Gupta, Count of Tharsis,
becomes interim president of the Confederation.
The Cityship Voyager departs for
Proxima Centauri with two thousand people
||In reaction to continued unrest and growing
dissatisfaction with the handling of the
Colonial War, the moderate wing of the Horizon
Party becomes dominant and forces the Duke of
Texas to resign his position. The Liberal
Alliance splinters into competing factions.
The interplanetary cruiser Palmer
departs from Gaian orbit on a three-year
interplanetary expedition to the Alpha Centauri
A system, led by Captain Viggo Turki.
||On Earth, the now moderated Horizon Party
wins 46% of the vote in the general election,
forming a coalition with the centrist Citizen
Party to govern. Yatrindra Gupta is
overwhelmingly elected Confederation President.
The God's Children sect establishes a settlement
of six hundred pilgrims on Uranus's moon Oberon.
||A CSEA experimental vessel, Freedom Star achieves
a high-efficiency ion thrust of 1 gee in
trials. On Earth, the ruling coalition lasts
just three months as internal disagreements
fracture the Horizon Party and cause the Citizen
Party to shift allegiance to the reformed
Liberal Alliance; the Horizon Party falls from
power for the first time in Commonwealth
history. Tomas Johannessen's surface
expedition from Palmer to Alpha
Centauri A's largest planet, Londo, discovers a
Artifact marker buried under ice and sand at the
planet's south pole .
||The Horizon Party officially splits, with
the right wing retaining the name and many of
the old policies and the left wing forming the
center-right Conservative Party. The Duke of
Texas dies in a boating accident off the
Yucatan. The Commonwealth reverses most
information-monitoring legislation and ends
personality testing at educational institutions.
The Confederate Navy launches the six hundred
meter long Deep Cruiser Odysseus to
patrol beyond Neptune. Palmer
returns to Gaia. Larissa Vogt becomes
president of Gaia for a third time.
||On Earth, the ruling coalition passes C.R.
4865, which changes Citizenship rules after 2193
granting Citizenship to any adult who waves the
monetary Basic Allotment for five consecutive years prior
to an election, and permanent Citizenship to
anyone who waves the mBA for forty years, or for
at least five years from 2188 until reaching the
age of 100. CSEA launches Excelsior a re-supply
mission to the Kumar Colony with fifty
additional colonists and a cargo of updated
quantum computers, fabricator boxes and nanomed
generators. The Cityship Voyager
arrives at Proxima Centauri.
||A series of massive solar flares damages
Mercury's North Pole station, killing forty
personnel and forcing an evacuation of the
facility. The Confederation CSEA begins
design planning for interstellar colonization
ramships capable of one-third light speed.
The Voyager crew establishes a surface
colony on the frozen world they name Proxima.
||After a fractious election on Earth, the
Horizon (27%) and Conservative (24%) Parties
agree to form a coalition government.
Yatindra Gupta refuses to stand for reelection
as Colonial Confederation president and returns
to his estates on Mars; the Belter Orion Esteban
becomes president of the Confederation.
Dame Cassandra Hughes becomes the first person
to celebrate a 250th birthday.
||The new Commonwealth government takes
office, with the Conservatives blocking attempts
by the Horizon Party to reinstitute
data-monitoring laws. C.R. 4890 changes
the name of the "Commonwealth of Terra". The Janus artificial
sentient comes on-line at the University
of Chiron. Excelsior reaches the
Kumar Colony and establishes permanent
communications back to the Solar System.
||The Confederation approves funding for the
construction of its first ramship, Zeus.
After long debate, the Colonial Confederation
upholds artificial sentient regulations commonly
referred to as the "Machine Laws".
||On Earth, an attempt to overturn C.R. 4865
fails to pass. At Chiron University on Gaia, Yan Rheyes and
the Janus computer sentient discover the
macrojump governor process that allows
instantaneous interstellar travel; the Gaian
Republic funds development of a prototype
vessel. Paul Morris becomes president of
||The Confederation approves funding for three
additional ramships, Chronos,
Caelus and Poseidon. Unable
to agree on a platform, the Commonwealth's
Liberal Alliance splinters into Progressive,
Justice and Green factions. The New
America Movement on Pallas and Orcus fund a
private ramship development effort.
||The Conservative Party wins a plurality of
votes in the Commonwealth general election,
creating a coalition with the Horizon and
Citizen Party as junior members. The
Colonial ramship Zeus departs on a
sixty-two year voyage for Eta Cassiopeia with
ten thousand colonists, mostly in hibernation.
||The Gaian experimental robotic starship Serendipity
makes its first interstellar jump, traveling
between Alpha Centauri B and A. After a return
jump, the Serendipity jumps to Proxima
Centauri and back. Gaia begins construction of
the first crewed starship. Using the
disassembled Excelsior, the Kumar
Colony deploys a magnetic sail that will
double its acceleration and allow it to reach a
cruising velocity of .05 light speed after
another fifty years of acceleration.
||The Martian government inaugurates the Gupta
Station at Mercury's L1 point. The
Commonwealth passes C.R. 4931 relaxing
laws governing netcasting and C.R. 4935, a
proposal to privatize TerraNet. The
ramships Chronos and Caelus
depart for 82 Eridani; the ramship Poseidon
departs for Eta Cassiopeia. The crew of
the Cityship Voyager begins to convert
their vehicle into a fusion initiated ramship.
||The Earth Defense Grid successfully
intercepts an eighty meter asteroid, validating
the system's integrity. The New America
Movement launches the ramship Prometheus
on an eighty-eight year voyage towards 41 Arae.
|| The Gaian Exploratory Service (GXS) is
chartered with James McKnight as its director. Columbus, the first crewed
macrojump ship launches from Constellation;
Captain Viggo Turki leads the crew of eight.
Columbus makes a trial run to Proxima
Centauri, then jumps to the Solar System and
visits the Oasis Station above Luna. A second
mission, via Sol to Tau Ceti takes place before
the end of the year. Construction begins on
four additional starships, equipped with
high-efficiency fusion engines. Alberto
Ross becomes president of Gaia.
||Columbus makes additional trips to
Sol and Tau Ceti, exchanging ambassadors and
establishing formal diplomatic relations.
Columbus explores the Luyten 726-8 system
en-route to Tau Ceti and continues on to Epsilon
Eridani, landing on its proto-Martian Enki
(later Byakko) world. On Earth, the
Conservative-Horizon coalition barely clings to
power after the Commonwealth general election.
||After returning to Gaia, Columbus explores the Barnard's
Star and Lalande 28115 star systems in fly-bys and
undertakes more diplomatic missions to Sol and
Tau Ceti. The fifty-year sleepers of the Time
Travel Society thaw and half of them decide to
remain awake, proclaiming the dawn of new era of
exploration. The Commonwealth and
Confederation agree to establishing a joint
interstellar way station at the Jovian Trojan
Hektor; Zarathustra establishes a way station at
the Jotunheim moon Hrungnir. The rebuilt
Voyager II begins a supply run from
Proxima to Alpha Centauri.
||Columbus surveys the Sirius
system in a fly-by and and travels to Keid to meet the
arriving ramship Enterprise; the two
ships explore the post-habitable world they dub
Vulcan; Columbus performs a short jump
to explore the other star components of the
system, including its white dwarf. Diplomatic
shuttles continue, with ambassador exchanges.
concerning a unified human government begin on
Luna. Construction of the neutral way
station habitat Gateway begins near Hektor.
||After completing another series of
diplomatic missions, Columbus leaves
service after the discovery of serious stress
damage to the jump generator. Viggo Turki
retires as Captain to begin a political career.
The starship Drake enters service with
Tomas Johannessen as Captain, conducting an
exploratory mission through Sol and Tau Ceti to
82 Eridani and visiting the worlds eventually
know as Dante and Amaterasu. The Yang enters
service as a diplomatic shuttle, running
missions between the populated star systems.
At Keid, the ramship Enterprise deposits
colonists on Vulcan and its inner moon Spock and
begins efforts to lower carbon dioxide and
increase oxygen in the atmosphere.
||Opposition parties reestablish the Liberal
Alliance on Earth. Viggo Turki becomes the Gaian ambassador to
the Colonial Confederation and the chief Gaian
negotiator on Luna. Drake conducts a
deep exploration mission, discovering and
surveying Delphi around Chara and continuing on
to Beta Coma Berenices, where the crew discovers
a primitive sentient alien species, soon dubbed
the Comans, on the fourth world and an abandoned
alien starport above the third planet. The
starship Magellan enters
service, visiting Epsilon Indi and its brown
dwarfs before proceeding to survey Delta Pavonis
and land on Azure. The starship Gagarin enters
service, surveying 61 Cygni and Eta Cassiopeiae
and landing on Cyclops. Voyager II
arrives at Gaia, loading supplies and calling
for new colonists
|| The neutral Gateway habitat opens near Hektor; negotiators shift their unification
talks to Gateway. Gagarin and
Magellan survey Beta Coma Berenices,
establishing first contact with the Comans and
exploring the ruins at Aetia and Egaeus;
Magellan surveys Delphi at Chara on the
return trip. Drake explores the
dying world Baldur at Beta Hydri and discovers Paradise
at Alpha Mensae. The Liberal
Alliance wins 52% of the Commonwealth vote and
calls for serious unification negotiations.
Paul Morris begins a second term as president of
Gaia. Voyager II departs Gaia for
Proxima with supplies but only two hundred
additional colonists. Karl Turki, grand-nephew of Viggo
Turki and one day Protector, is born on Gaia.
The crew of
Hiryū arrives at Epsilon
Eridani's and settle upon the world they name
Byakko, disabling the satellite delivered by
establishing a camouflaged colony of two
hundred; they begin terraforming and clone
fabrication to expand the colony.